July 21, 1861: Battle of Bull Run-Lessons to Learn

  The First Battle of Bull Run, or First Manassas, was the first major battle of the Civil War.  A Confederate victory, it gave lessons to those paying attention: 1.    It amply demonstrated the hazards of sending half-trained troops into

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July 21, 1861: First Battle of Bull Run

History is unkind to defeated generals.  All most of us recall about Irvin McDowell is that he commanded the Union army at First Bull Run, First Manassas south of the Mason-Dixon line, and was beaten by the Confederates.  He had a long

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