Donald R. McClarey

No World War I

Farewell the plumed troop, and the big wars, That make ambition virtue! Othello, Act 3, Scene 3     Alternate history has always fascinated me, and Andrew Roberts, a great contemporary historian, I heartily recommend his recent biography of Churchill,

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Donald R. McClarey

December 13, 1918: Wilson Arrives in France

President Wilson arrived in France a century ago to participate in the Paris Peace Conference.  He received a rapturous reception from the citizens of France but a cooler reception from Clemenceau and the other Allied leaders.  British economist John Maynard

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Donald R. McClarey

The Great Influenza

  In recalling US involvement in World War I, one statistic is startling.  Combat deaths for the US totaled 53,402.  US military deaths from what was called Spanish flu totaled around 45,000.  In 1918 some 675,000 Americans died from the

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Donald R. McClarey

December 4, 1918: Woodrow Wilson Sails for France

  Woodrow Wilson sailed for France a century ago, ironically in the SS George Washington, a German passenger liner interned in New York City at the outbreak of World War I.  He was the second US President to travel abroad

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Donald R. McClarey

December 4, 1918: Woodrow Wilson Sails for France

  Woodrow Wilson sailed for France a century ago, ironically in the SS George Washington, a German passenger liner interned in New York City at the outbreak of World War I.  He was the second US President to travel abroad

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Donald R. McClarey

December 2, 1918: State of the Union Address

  GENTLEMEN OF THE CONGRESS: The year that has elapsed since I last stood before you to fulfil my constitutional duty to give to the Congress from time to time information on the state of the Union has been so

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Donald R. McClarey

Clemenceau Quote

I was seated between Jesus Christ and Napoleon. David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister, on his experiences at the Paris Peace Conference with Wilson and Clemenceau. For you a hundred years is a very long time; for us it does

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Donald R. McClarey

Thanksgiving Proclamation 1918

It has long been our custom to turn, in the autumn of the year, in praise and thanksgiving to Almighty God for his many blessing and mercies to us as a nation. This year we have special and moving cause

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Donald R. McClarey

November 11, 1918: Captain Truman Writes to Bess

Dear Bess: November 11, 1918 I knew Uncle Samuel was holding out on me when your letter came not with Boxley’s and Brelsford’s. Two came this morning and I am of course very happy. We are all wondering what the

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Donald R. McClarey

Armistice Terms

The Armistice was negotiated over a period of two days, November 8-9, 1918.  The term negotiate is not actually accurate.  The Allies through Marshal Foch dictated the terms to be accepted or not by the Germans.  The Germans won a

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Donald R. McClarey

November 1, 1918: Captain Harry Truman Writes to Bess

    Prior to World War I Harry Truman had not met with much success.  Hard working, personable and ambitious, none of the many jobs he took on, or the business ventures he launched, gave him long term financial security. 

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Donald R. McClarey

October 30, 1918: Pershing Opposes an Armistice

    General John J. Pershing was not pleased at the idea of giving an Armistice and expressed his views strongly in a letter on October 30, 1918:   Paris, October 30, 1918. To the Allied Supreme War Council, Paris.

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Donald R. McClarey

October 20, 1918: Germany Responds to Wilson’s Second Note

On October 20, 1918 the German government, through the Swiss, sent out a response to President Wilson’s Second Note:     In accepting the proposal for an evacuation of the occupied territories the German Government has started from the assumption

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Donald R. McClarey

They Shall Not Grow Old

I am surprised that I did not dislike the Army more. It was, of course, detestable. But the words “of course” drew the sting. That is where it differed from Wyvern. One did not expect to like it. Nobody said

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Donald R. McClarey

Peace Feelers

  On October 3, 1918 the Imperial German government sent the following note through the Swiss to President Wilson: The German Government requests the President of the United States of America to take steps for the restoration of peace, to

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Donald R. McClarey

Meuse-Argonne Offensive: Second Phase

  The second phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive opened on October 4, 1918 and would continue to October 28, 1918.  During this period the Americans cleared the Argonne Forest but incurred high casualties due to a reliance upon frontal assaults. 

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Donald R. McClarey

The Epic Stand of The “Lost” Battalion

Maj. Prinz: You Americans, you always have so much of everything. No matter. Eventually you have to surrender. Lt. Leak: I don’t think so. Maj. Prinz: Are you officers so callous? You’re surrounded. You have no chance of relief. Every

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Donald R. McClarey

September 26, 1918: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive Begins

The Offensive opened with a six hour bombardment, brief by Great War standards.  In the three hours prior to H hour the Americans fired off more munitions than both sides fired off in the four years of the American Civil

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Donald R. McClarey

The Beginning of the Rise of George C. Marshall

    A century ago George C. Marshall, an acting Colonel on the Operations Staff of the American Expeditionary Forces, was finishing up a military miracle, overseeing the movement of 400,000 American troops to participate in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.  Marshall

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Donald R. McClarey

Great War Week by Week

  One of the best resources on the internet during the centennial of World War I has been the Great War series on YouTube.  I highly recommend it to anyone who has an interest in the Great War, but I

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Donald R. McClarey

Prelude to the Meuse-Argonne Offensive

      A century ago the United States First Army, personally commanded by General John J. Pershing, was deep in preparation for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the largest battle in American history that the American public  today knows virtually nothing

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Donald R. McClarey

September 12, 1918: First Army Attacks at Saint Mihiel

  The First United States Army launches its first offensive on September 12, 1918 against the salient of St. Mihiel.  The attack force consisted of three US corps and a French corps.  By the time the battle ended on September

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Donald R. McClarey

August 10, 1918: First United States Army Formed

  The announcement of the formation of the First United States Army in France:   “The first American field army has been organized. It is under the direct command of General John J. Pershlng, Commander in Chief of the American

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Donald R. McClarey

Black Day of the German Army

He who has not fought the Germans does not know War. British Army military maxim One hundred years ago the Battle of Amiens (August 8, 1918-August 12, 1918) was underway, a joint British and French offensive.  The Battle marks the

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