In 1917 a century ago Theodore Roosevelt was 58 years old. He was not in the best of health and he had put on a fair amount of weight since his “crowded hour” leading the charge up Kettle Hill in the Spanish American War. Nonetheless, he was eager once again to fight for the Stars and Stripes. An advocate of preparedness, he had assembled a staff and plans to recreate his Rough Riders on a corps level to fight in France, and over a 100,000 men had indicated their willingness to join this force. Congress in March of 1917 authorized him to raise such a force of volunteers of up to four divisions. In May of 1917 President Wilson indicated that no such force of volunteers would be accepted by the Army, Wilson not wanting to be held responsible if the beloved ex-President died fighting. Roosevelt was crushed and never forgave Wilson, who he despised in any case. He kept busy making speeches in support of the War and selling war bonds, but it was not the same as fighting himself. On April 1 we will explore the “what if” had Wilson allowed Roosevelt to take his new Rough Riders into battle.