Hattip to Dale Price for the above picture.
Yeah, too often God is treated like a Giant Genie who will give us whatever we want if we just rub his lamp the right way. Well, how should we then pray? Fortunately, God gave us an example:
Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread;and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
In this miracle, of course, of concision, Christ contains the whole Gospel, and shows us how we should pray.
Prayer of Praise: Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. The praise of course is not for the benefit of God but for our benefit. It is our reminder that we are children of a loving God who is also omnipotent.
Prayer of Awe: Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven. The best example of such a prayer is when Job responds to God after God tells him about Himself:
“I know that you can do all things;
no purpose of yours can be thwarted.
You asked, ‘Who is this that obscures my plans without knowledge?’
Surely I spoke of things I did not understand,
things too wonderful for me to know.
“You said, ‘Listen now, and I will speak;
I will question you,
and you shall answer me.’
My ears had heard of you
but now my eyes have seen you.
Therefore I despise myself
and repent in dust and ashes.”
Job 42: 2-6
A prayer of awe can be quite a powerful experience. I have personally experienced its power when I have contemplated God as Creator and the fact that everything that exists is a direct product of the will of God. Looking up at the stars and contemplating infinity brings me into a state where I feel amazingly close to the God who created it all.
Prayer of Petition: There is nothing wrong with a prayer of petition any more than there is something wrong with a young child asking a father for help. We fall into serious error however when we assume that God must grant such petitions whenever we pray them. Saint James captures the spirit of such prayer well:
 You ask, and receive not; because you ask amiss: that you may consume it on your concupiscences.
Epistle of James: 4: 3.
A good addition to any prayer of petition is: if consistent with Thy will. As Abraham Lincoln truly noted: The Almighty has His own purposes. The purpose of prayer is always to draw us closer to our God. If it does not, the fault is always ours and never His.
Prayer of Forgiveness: and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. Most certainly the most underutilized prayer is these degenerate times. We sin, whether or not we acknowledge that sad fact of our fallen humanity, and we need to ask God for forgiveness. Much harder of course is attempting to imitate God and forgive those who sin against us. A hard teaching and an essential one:
 Then came Peter unto him and said: Lord, how often shall my brother offend against me, and I forgive him? till seven times?  Jesus saith to him: I say not to thee, till seven times; but till seventy times seven times.  Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened to a king, who would take an account of his servants.  And when he had begun to take the account, one was brought to him, that owed him ten thousand talents.  And as he had not wherewith to pay it, his lord commanded that he should be sold, and his wife and children and all that he had, and payment to be made.
 But that servant falling down, besought him, saying: Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.  And the lord of that servant being moved with pity, let him go and forgave him the debt.  But when that servant was gone out, he found one of his fellow servants that owed him an hundred pence: and laying hold of him, throttled him, saying: Pay what thou owest.  And his fellow servant falling down, besought him, saying: Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.  And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he paid the debt.
31] Now his fellow servants seeing what was done, were very much grieved, and they came and told their lord all that was done.  Then his lord called him; and said to him: Thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all the debt, because thou besoughtest me:  Shouldst not thou then have had compassion also on thy fellow servant, even as I had compassion on thee?  And his lord being angry, delivered him to the torturers until he paid all the debt.  So also shall my heavenly Father do to you, if you forgive not every one his brother from your hearts.
Matthew: 18: 21-35
Prayer for Salvation: And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. The late comedian Jackie Gleason, when asked his religion, would always say “Bad Catholic”. He was once asked by a Paulist priest to appear on his television program and talk about religion which he did, stating to the priest that Catholicism was strong enough to withstand an advocate even as bad as he was. He once stunned the audience of a light-hearted talk show in the Seventies by responding to the question what he wanted more than anything else by saying “Eternal Salvation”. The host was taken aback by this and asked him, “Really?” Gleason said he couldn’t understand anyone wanting anything more than that. Gleason and some of the Ten Commandments were not on friendly terms during his life, to say the least, but he received the Last Rites on his deathbed, and I am sure he got what he wanted more than anything else. And that happy end is precisely what we should all pray for unceasingly.
Rocky: You’re asking me to pull an act, turn yellow
so those kids will think I’m no-good?
You’re asking me to throw away the only
thing I got left that they can’t take away.
To give those newspapers a chance to say,
“Another rat turned yellow.”
Father Jerry: You and I will know you’re not.
Rocky: You ask a nice little favor, Jerry.
Asking me to crawl on my belly
the last thing I do.
Father Jerry: I know what I’m asking.
The reason I’m asking is because
being kids together gave me the idea…
…that you might like to
join hands with me…
…and save some of those other boys
from ending up here.
Rocky: You’re asking too much.
You wanna help those kids…
…figure out some other way.
Father Jerry: It’s impossible to do it without your help.
I can’t reach all of those boys.
Thousands of hero-worshiping kids
all over the country.
Rocky: Don’t give me that humanity stuff again.
I had enough in the courtroom.
Told everything. Named names.
Told the whole mess.
What more do you want?
Father Jerry: What I’ve always wanted, Rocky.
Straighten yourself out with God.
Outside of that,
I can’t ask for anything else.
Rocky: Well, don’t!
Warden: It’s time, Rocky. Are you ready?
You figure on going in with me?
Father Jerry: I’d like to, Rocky. That is, if…
Warden: You can if you wish. Do you mind, Father?
Father Jerry: Certainly not.
Rocky: That’s better. Be kind of lonesome
going down that last mile.
Promise me something.
Promise me you won’t let me
hear you pray.
Father Jerry: I promise you won’t hear me.
Screenplay, Angels With Dirty Faces