Bishop Sheen on Lincoln

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I have been reading quite a bit about Lincoln over the weekend, which is not very unusual for me when I am not laboring in the law mines.

 

In that regard,  Bishop Sheen retold the life of Abraham Lincoln on his television show.  Originally broadcast in 1954, it is an interesting take on the Great Emancipator.  Completely fascinating.  A great tribute by a son of Illinois to the greatest son of Illinois.

As a native of Peoria, Sheen knew that Lincoln re-emerged into political life on October 16, 1854 when he gave a speech in Peoria that attacked the repeal of the Missouri Compromise by Stephen Douglas’ Kansas-Nebraska Act.  Go here to read that speech.  The rest of Lincoln’s political life was set by that speech that catapulted him into the challenge to Douglas for his Senate seat in 1858, and his Presidential campaign against Douglas in 1860.  For Lincoln personally, the Peoria speech was the most significant of his life.

Of course Bishop Sheen did not celebrate Lincoln simply because of his connection with Illinois and Peoria.  In addition to his winning the Civil War and freeing the slaves, Lincoln was also ever a friend to Catholics.

In the 1840s America was beset by a wave of anti-Catholic riots.  An especially violent one occurred in Philadelphia on May 6-8.  These riots laid the seeds for a powerful anti-Catholic movement which became embodied in the years to come in the aptly named Know-Nothing movement.  To many American politicians Catholic-bashing seemed the path to electoral success.

Lincoln made clear where he stood on this issue when he organized a public meeting in Springfield, Illinois on June 12, 1844.  At the meeting he proposed and had the following resolution adopted by the meeting:

“Resolved, That the guarantee of the rights of conscience, as found in our Constitution, is most sacred and inviolable, and one that belongs no less to the Catholic, than to the Protestant; and that all attempts to abridge or interfere with these rights, either of Catholic or Protestant, directly or indirectly, have our decided disapprobation, and shall ever have our most effective opposition. Resolved, That we reprobate and condemn each and every thing in the Philadelphia riots, and the causes which led to them, from whatever quarter they may have come, which are in conflict with the principles above expressed.”

Lincoln remained true to this belief.  At the height of the political success of the Know-Nothing movement 11 years later, Mr. Lincoln in a letter to his friend Joshua Speed wrote:

“I am not a Know-Nothing. That is certain. How could I be? How can any one who abhors the oppression of negroes, be in favor of degrading classes of white people? Our progress in degeneracy appears to me to be pretty rapid. As a nation, we begin by declaring that “all men are created equal.” We now practically read it “all men are created equal, except negroes.” When the Know-Nothings get control, it will read “all men are created equal, except negroes, and foreigners, and catholics.” When it comes to this I should prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretence of loving liberty-to Russia, for instance, where despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocracy [sic].”

On July 4, 1864, when Lincoln had much else to occupy his mind, he attended a fundraising for a  Catholic church for Washington blacks.  Lincoln had given permission for the fund raiser to be held on the lawn of the White House.

Catholics have a special reason to revere Lincoln, especially in these days when fashionable anti-Catholic bigotry seeks to harness the power of the State to attack the Church.

 

 

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4 Comments

  1. “where despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocrisy..”
    Sounds like the “American” Democratic Party -of today..

  2. WoW.
    How fitting and timely.
    “….abandoned the spiritual in the realm of the temporal.”

    I don’t have time to catch the clips but I am looking forward to it.

    Thanks Don.

  3. While Lincoln was adamantly a defender of liberty of conscience, this is a confirmation that he was pro-Catholic. Certain historians claim that he mocked certain Catholic beliefs, and that of other Christians, in his private life.

    Also, while some tend to idealize Lincoln, it is difficult to ignore the detailed arguments of those who indicate specific unscrupulous policies pursued by Lincoln in dealing with the South in his passion to save the Union.

    But I lay no claim to being an expert concerning the man.

  4. “Certain historians claim that he mocked certain Catholic beliefs, and that of other Christians, in his private life.”
    He certainly privately mocked some Christian beliefs as a young adult. His evolution on God and religion was a great example of spiritual growth, based on hard, very hard, thinking about God.

    it is difficult to ignore the detailed arguments
    Ignore never, refute always.

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