Probably the most powerful sermon ever placed on film, Father Barry speaks of Christ and his crucifixion on the docks. The best performance Karl Malden ever gave. Elia Kazan’s masterpiece, On the Waterfront (1954) was also his response to the criticism he received for naming names before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1952.
The character of Father Barry was based on the actual work on the docks of a hardbitten Irish-Catholic Jesuit Priest, Father John Corridan. From 1946-1957 he waged a one man crusade in New York against the gangsters who controlled the International Longshoreman’s Association. One of the bosses who controlled the union was “Tough” Tony Anastasia, a brother of Albert “The Madhatter” Anastasia, one of the former bosses of Murder, Inc.
In the face of these murderers, Father Corridan, son of a New York cop who had died when Corridan was nine, was completely fearless. Teaching longshoremen Christian principles in labor\management relations at the Saint Francis Xavier Labor School, Father Corridan faced down a union thug sent to disrupt his class: “If anything happens to the men I’m trying to help here, I’ll know who’s responsible, and I’ll personally see to it that they are broken throughout this port. They’ll pay and I’ll see that they pay.”
Father Corridan compiled information which eventually filled sixteen filing cabinets on the mobsters who controlled the ports and who made life miserable for honest longshoremen. He shared this information freely with reporters, including Malcolm Johnson of the New York Sun who won a Pulitzer for his series in 1948 on “Crime on the Waterfront”. Father Corridan realized the pressure that could be exerted on the mob and the crooked politicians who protected the mob by such stories, and he used every opportunity to expose them in the press. He wrote scorching articles himself for America and other publications. Gradually the public began to become aware of the problem of mob domination of the docks.
A turning point came in 1951 when a faction of the longshoremen rejected a union negotiated contract and went on a wildcat strike. Father Corridan supported them to the hilt. The strike shut down ports in New York and New Jersey for twenty-five days. To refute a claim by the mob dominated union that the strikers were communists, Father Corridan held a public prayer service with the strikers. He also successfully pressured Governor Dewey of New York to address the issue of mob control of the docks.
Father Barry in the movie had his sermon on the docks. Father Corridan preached many of them and one of them had this memorable statement: “I suppose some people would smirk at the thought of Christ in the shape-up. It is about as absurd as the fact that He carried carpenter’s tools in His hands and earned His bread by the sweat of His brow. As absurd as the fact that Christ redeemed all men irrespective of their race, color, or station in life. It can be absurd only to those of whom Christ has said, ‘Having eyes, they see not; and having ears, they hear not.’ Because they don’t want to see or hear. Christ also said, ‘If you do it to the least of mine, you do it to me.’ So Christ is in the shape-up.”
The shape up was the system by which the mob completely controlled which longshoremen would work and which would not. Father Corridan succeeded in having the shape up banned by the time that he left the docks in 1957, and a New York\New Jersey commission was in place to regulate the harbors.
Father Corridan went on to teach economics at LeMoyne College in Syracuse , theology at Saint Peter’s College in Jersey City and was a hospital chaplain in Brooklyn until his death at 73 in 1984. It is said of Father Corridan that he could swear like a longshoreman himself at the sight of injustice. If true, then I imagine his language is pure in his final abode.