Donald R. McClarey

Meuse-Argonne Offensive: Second Phase

  The second phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive opened on October 4, 1918 and would continue to October 28, 1918.  During this period the Americans cleared the Argonne Forest but incurred high casualties due to a reliance upon frontal assaults. 

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Donald R. McClarey

The Epic Stand of The “Lost” Battalion

Maj. Prinz: You Americans, you always have so much of everything. No matter. Eventually you have to surrender. Lt. Leak: I don’t think so. Maj. Prinz: Are you officers so callous? You’re surrounded. You have no chance of relief. Every

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Donald R. McClarey

September 26, 1918: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive Begins

The Offensive opened with a six hour bombardment, brief by Great War standards.  In the three hours prior to H hour the Americans fired off more munitions than both sides fired off in the four years of the American Civil

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Donald R. McClarey

September 25, 1918: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive is About to Begin

  One hundred years ago the Meuse-Argonne Offensive is about to begin.  We will be covering it in detail.  In reading about the Offensive, it should be recalled that American divisions were twice the size of European divisions, and with

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Donald R. McClarey

The Beginning of the Rise of George C. Marshall

    A century ago George C. Marshall, an acting Colonel on the Operations Staff of the American Expeditionary Forces, was finishing up a military miracle, overseeing the movement of 400,000 American troops to participate in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.  Marshall

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Donald R. McClarey

Great War Week by Week

  One of the best resources on the internet during the centennial of World War I has been the Great War series on YouTube.  I highly recommend it to anyone who has an interest in the Great War, but I

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Donald R. McClarey

Prelude to the Meuse-Argonne Offensive

      A century ago the United States First Army, personally commanded by General John J. Pershing, was deep in preparation for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the largest battle in American history that the American public  today knows virtually nothing

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Donald R. McClarey

September 12, 1918: First Army Attacks at Saint Mihiel

  The First United States Army launches its first offensive on September 12, 1918 against the salient of St. Mihiel.  The attack force consisted of three US corps and a French corps.  By the time the battle ended on September

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Donald R. McClarey

August 10, 1918: First United States Army Formed

  The announcement of the formation of the First United States Army in France:   “The first American field army has been organized. It is under the direct command of General John J. Pershlng, Commander in Chief of the American

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Donald R. McClarey

Black Day of the German Army

He who has not fought the Germans does not know War. British Army military maxim One hundred years ago the Battle of Amiens (August 8, 1918-August 12, 1918) was underway, a joint British and French offensive.  The Battle marks the

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Donald R. McClarey

August 4, 1918: Ludendorff Whistles as it Grows Dark for Germany

  Quartermaster General Erich Ludendorff, de facto commander of the Imperial German army, issued this terse statement on August 4, 1918: Foch’s plan was undoubtedly to cut off the entire arc of our front south of the Aisne by a

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Donald R. McClarey

July 30, 1918: Martin Treptow Killed in Action

Martin August Treptow was a barber from Cherokee, Iowa.  Enlisting in the National Guard, during World War I his unit was called up and Treptow found himself in the 168th Infantry, part of the 42nd Division, called the Rainbow Division

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Donald R. McClarey

July 30, 1918: Joyce Kilmer Killed in Action

  I THINK that I shall never see A poem lovely as a tree. A tree whose hungry mouth is prest Against the earth’s sweet flowing breast; A tree that looks at God all day, And lifts her leafy arms

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Donald R. McClarey

Rouge Bouquet

    In a wood they call the Rouge Bouquet There is a new-made grave to-day, Built by never a spade nor pick Yet covered with earth ten metres thick. There lie many fighting men, Dead in their youthful prime,

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Donald R. McClarey

Quotes Suitable for Framing: Father Francis P. Duffy

Men pass away, but institutions survive. In time we shall all go to join our comrades who gave up their lives in France. But in our own generation, when the call came, we accepted the flag of our fathers; we

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Donald R. McClarey

The Robe of Christ

THE ROBE OF CHRIST (For Cecil Chesterton) AT the foot of the Cross on Calvary Three soldiers sat and diced, And one of them was the Devil And he won the Robe of Christ. When the Devil comes in his

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Donald R. McClarey

July 18, 1918: Marine Mustang From Croatia Earns Medal of Honor

“I am Cukela. I attack.”     Louis Cukela immigrated to the US from what is now Croatia in 1913 at the age of 25.  His English would always be somewhat broken, but that did not prevent from becoming a

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Donald R. McClarey

American Expeditionary Forces

  A good overview of the growth of the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I.  The narrator seems to have a German accent which does give a slight surreal quality to the video.

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Donald R. McClarey

July 15, 1918: Second Battle of the Marne Begins

  On July 15, 1918, the Germans began what would be their final offensive on the Western front in World War I.  The attack on the French Fourth Army east of Reims was stopped on the first day by fierce

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Donald R. McClarey

High Flight

Something for the weekend.  High Flight.  One hundred years ago on Bastille Day 1918, Lieutenant Quentin Roosevelt, youngest child of President Theodore Roosevelt, died in combat at 20 years old.  He shared with his father a brilliant mind, an exuberant

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Donald R. McClarey

Winston Churchill: July 4, 1918

A speech given by the half-American Winston Churchill at a celebration of the Fourth of July at the city of Westminster, England on July 4, 1918:   We are, as the Chairman has stated, met here to-day in the City

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Donald R. McClarey

Fortnight For Freedom: Martin Treptow’s Pledge

Martin August Treptow was a barber from Cherokee, Iowa.  Enlisting in the National Guard, during World War I his unit was called up and Treptow found himself in the 168th Infantry, part of the 42nd Division, called the Rainbow Division

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Donald R. McClarey

Quotes Suitable For Framing: Vera Brittain

      One day I was leaving quarters to go back to my ward, when I had to wait to let a large contingent of troops march past me… Though the sight of soldiers marching was now too familiar

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Donald R. McClarey

Joseph Girard

When I was a boy and I first saw the film Sergeant York, I wondered if John J. Pershing, who was still alive in 1940, had played himself in the scene in which Sergeant York is presented with the Medal

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Donald R. McClarey

Quotes Suitable for Framing: John J. Pershing

      The deadliest weapon in the world is a MARINE and his rifle! General John J. Pershing Like most soldiers General Pershing had little fondness for the Marine Corps, viewing them as competitors and headline hunters.  He attempted

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Donald R. McClarey

It Says So In Your Dossier

I have been reading a biography of Lawrence of Arabia the past few days, Hero by Michael Korda, and it has directed my attention back to the magnificent film, Lawrence of Arabia (1962).  I have always thought highly of the

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Donald R. McClarey

June 1918: The High Tide

  Looking at a map of the Western Front a hundred years ago would have been depressing for a supporter of the Allied cause.  The Germans were only 39 miles from Paris, and they had made huge gains in Flanders

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Donald R. McClarey

Battle of Belleau Wood

“We have Americans opposite us who are terribly reckless fellows.” German Private, Belleau Wood, June 11, 1918   Prior to World War I most Americans were barely aware of the existence of the Marine Corps.  The Navy’s army made the

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Donald R. McClarey

June 1918: Germans at the Gates of Paris

  As June dawned a hundred years ago, the crisis of the War was unfolding for the Allies.  The offensive code named Operation Blucher undertaken at the end of May had been a success with the Germans now only thirty-nine

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Donald R. McClarey

Take Up Our Quarrel With The Foe

      In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place, and in the sky, The larks, still bravely singing, fly, Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the dead; short

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Donald R. McClarey

May 28, 1918: Battle of Cantigny

Appropriate that on this Memorial Day we remember the first victory of US troops in World War I:  the battle of Cantigny fought a century ago.               A relatively minor affair compared to the

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Donald R. McClarey

1918 Decoration Day Proclamation of President Wilson

The American-born boys and the Greeks, Irish, Poles, Jews, and Italians who were in my platoon in the World War. A heap of them couldn’t speaker write the American language until they larned it in the Army. Over here in

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Donald R. McClarey

Theodore Roosevelt on Lincoln and Free Speech

On May 16, 1918 Congress passed an amendment to the Espionage Act of 1917,  This Amendment is known to history as The Espionage Act of 1918.  Here is the text:   Whoever, when the United States is at war, shall

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